Springfield 1890 Hunting Knife, Intrenching Tool, Fourth Type, First Variation
A Watervliet Arsenal manufactured Hunting knife/ Intrenching tool. It is in excellent shape, with a fine blade, solid sheath and tight handle. The flat steel springs inside the scabbard neck are perfect. These knives were usually worked "hard", the result being that very few are found in this condition today. The brass hanger loop rivets are tight, the leather is supple. All markings are crisp.
Serial Number: 1896
The M-1880 Hunting Knife was designed for concurrent use with the M- 1881 and the M-1888 Rod Bayonet Rifles also manufactured at the Springfield Armory. The first 1002 knives were made in 1881 and had iron guards. Subsequently another 9,000 or 10,000 were made with brass guards (records vary). In 1883, the first 4,000 or 5,000 M-1880 Hunting Knives were made with brass guards and another 5,000 were made in 1885.
All M-1880 Hunting Knives were serial numbered. The knife was used heavily in western outposts, accounting for the wide distribution and usually sharpened or pitted condition found by collectors. The purposes of the knife included skinning game, digging shallow trenches, and clearing brush.
M-1880 Basic Data
Blade Length: 8.5 inches Overall Length: 13.56 inches
Blade Width: 2.0 inches Blade Thickness: 0.125 inches
Scabbards: Several variants of leather scabbards were designed for the M-1880 Hunting Knife, including experimental versions, and many still exist today. Some are more rare than the knife. Scabbard designations include the leather long- and short-loop, two versions of the brass hook, and the Varney scabbards. All were manufactured at Watervliet Arsenal.
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