If you are not able to purchase a land owner voucher you will have to go through the general draw/lottery. All of our deer tags are through the draw. Some of our elk tags are available to purchase over the counter but a lot of the good units are through the draw also. The draw is what your friends were referring to when they referenced 6 points for deer and 0 for elk. each year that you are unsuccessful you acquire a preference point. 6 points is a 6 year wait.
Colorado is broken up into GMU's(game management units)and you apply to hunt in one or more of those gmu's, so you would need to know the location of the property to find out which GMU to apply to hunt in. The seasons are also separated by method of hunting, there is archery season, muzzleloader, and usually 4 rifle seasons. Each rifle season is for a specific period of time and they range from 9 days to 4 days in duration. Example: this years 4th rifle season in GMU 51 was Nov.12-16th
You also have to choose the sex of the animal you are hunting, bull or buck, cow or doe, or you can apply for an either sex license. Some GMU's may not offer either sex licenses. Or may not offer the sex of the animal you wish to hunt in all seasons.
There is some good news as some GMU's offer private land tags. These are different than land owner vouchers as they cannot be transferred to anther hunter. Many of the private land tags run the length of the whole big game season which is September 1st-January 31st. On a downside, many of the private land tags are for does and cows only.
It's pretty specific on the animal, dates you'll be hunting and where you are allowed to hunt. We apply for elk, deer, antelope, bear, goat, sheep and moose. Multiply that by 4 and add in work and school calendars and you'll understand why it takes a whole day for me to plan out our application codes
PM if you have any questions