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#5561549 - 01/24/15 01:54 AM Introduction of Exotic Deer Species
Taylorpp Offline
Green Horn

Registered: 07/09/14
Posts: 7
When it comes to operating a ranch, your deer herd can often be comprised of a variety of different types of species. Whether you have recently spotted what appears to be a new species of deer or you are interested in introducing some exotics into your herd, it can be helpful to know about the various species of deer.

Whitetail deer are among the most well known species of deer in the United States. This is because this species is native to North America. A medium-sized deer, whitetail males typically weigh between 130 and 300 pounds, while females often weigh between 100 and 200 pounds. The coat of a whitetail deer will often change somewhat from a brown during the summer months to more of a grey-brown during the winter. The prominent white underside to this species' tail gives this deer its name, whitetail.

While most people do not think about moose as being deer, they are actually the largest of all deer species. Generally found in cool climates, moose can weigh in at nearly 2,000 pounds. Featuring a flap of loose skin that hangs down under the throats, known as a bell, and a long face, moose are primarily known for their massive size.

Mule deer can be found throughout the United States. This species of deer takes its name from its ears. Large ears, a forked tail, and black-tipped tail also help to differentiate a mule deer from other species of deer.

Caribou are usually more frequently referred to as reindeer. These beloved creatures typically inhabit the Arctic regions. Unlike other species of deer, both male and female caribou grow antlers. The two thick layers of fur sported by these deer help to keep them warm during the frigid weather in their native area. During their annual migration period, caribou can travel distances of up to 3,000 miles.

If you have never heard of a barking deer, then you have probably never visited Southeast Asia. The Indian Muntiac is somewhat different from other species of deer in that rather than traveling in groups, they tend to roam alone. When they sense danger, they emit a deep bark, thus the name.

Sika deer take their name from a Japanese word, "shika," that means deer. These deer are also sometimes referred to as spotted deer. Native to Eastern Asia, this species is prized for their velvet antlers.

Fallow deer have become more well known to the United States, although they are native to Europe. Like whitetail, fallow deer have coats that change colors based on the seasons. These deer are particularly adept at jumping and have even been known to jump as high as two feet and as wide as five feet.

Chital deer are native to India. Known for their lyre-shaped antlers, this species travels in herds and has become prized for its venison. As a result, chital are now frequently found among exotics for sale in the United States.
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#5562004 - 01/24/15 12:30 PM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
dgilbert Online   content
6 pack abs

Registered: 09/04/04
Posts: 18705
I never thought moose was even close to a deer, thanks for the info.

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#5562192 - 01/24/15 03:00 PM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
Tux Man Offline
Outdoorsman

Registered: 01/10/14
Posts: 66
Fallow deer have become more well known to the United States, although they are native to Europe. Like whitetail, fallow deer have coats that change colors based on the seasons. These deer are particularly adept at jumping and have even been known to jump as high as two feet and as wide as five feet.

Should read "jump as high as 2 METERS and as wide as 5 METERS"

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#5563479 - 01/25/15 12:29 PM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
sparrish8 Online   content
Pro Tracker

Registered: 01/13/13
Posts: 1197
So a moose is a deer but what about stag and elk are they not?

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#5563654 - 01/25/15 01:53 PM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
nsmike Offline
Extreme Tracker

Registered: 05/02/12
Posts: 4216
Loc: MN
You might want to click on this link Deer Family click through on the sub family links to see how they are interrelated. Some things aren't as settled as they say but the general relationships are correct.
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#5564719 - 01/26/15 12:10 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
DustyWyoming Offline
Tracker

Registered: 08/10/10
Posts: 538
Yes deer and red deer are both in the deer family.

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#5564940 - 01/26/15 08:29 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
TxAg Online   content
Veteran Tracker

Registered: 01/15/07
Posts: 3254
Loc: Live in Katy, Hunt in Llano Co...
Originally Posted By: Taylorpp

Mule deer can be found throughout the United States.


Mmmm not really. Western half does not quite qualify as "throughout". Nice write-up though.



Edited by TxAg (01/26/15 08:30 AM)
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#5565359 - 01/26/15 11:19 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
utcb Offline
Woodsman

Registered: 05/16/11
Posts: 112
Random question - North America is full of ranches that produce monster whitetail bucks through genetic management. Why don't we see that for mule deer? You see a few high fenced places popping up in Mexico or western states, but given the base frame for a mulie is larger than a whitetail, why aren't we seeing 400 and 500+ inch mule deer ranches?

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#5565372 - 01/26/15 11:28 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: utcb]
sparrish8 Online   content
Pro Tracker

Registered: 01/13/13
Posts: 1197
Originally Posted By: utcb
Random question - North America is full of ranches that produce monster whitetail bucks through genetic management. Why don't we see that for mule deer? You see a few high fenced places popping up in Mexico or western states, but given the base frame for a mulie is larger than a whitetail, why aren't we seeing 400 and 500+ inch mule deer ranches?


This is a good question

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#5565396 - 01/26/15 11:37 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: sparrish8]
Stevarino Online   content
Veteran Tracker

Registered: 01/25/10
Posts: 2075
Loc: Mckinney, TX
Originally Posted By: sparrish8
Originally Posted By: utcb
Random question - North America is full of ranches that produce monster whitetail bucks through genetic management. Why don't we see that for mule deer? You see a few high fenced places popping up in Mexico or western states, but given the base frame for a mulie is larger than a whitetail, why aren't we seeing 400 and 500+ inch mule deer ranches?


This is a good question


My first thoughts are regulations around trapping, transporting, and breeding? Or possibily just lack of demand?
Great questions though..

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#5565400 - 01/26/15 11:39 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
sparrish8 Online   content
Pro Tracker

Registered: 01/13/13
Posts: 1197
I think the mule deer hunting is getting more and more popular as peo0le are wanting to experience a variety of terrains and types of hunting.

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#5565416 - 01/26/15 11:44 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
Stevarino Online   content
Veteran Tracker

Registered: 01/25/10
Posts: 2075
Loc: Mckinney, TX
Totally agree.. I ve really noticed a pick up in interest over the last year or two..Im interested to see how this post fills out.

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#5565421 - 01/26/15 11:47 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
DustyWyoming Offline
Tracker

Registered: 08/10/10
Posts: 538
There are at least a couple I know of out in west Texas doing that with mule deer and there is at least one in Mexico, also in the dakotas I am sure there is more, I just know of few around.

I also think that they are a long ways behind what the guys raising whitetails are by alot of years and only a few people raising them compared to thousands raising whitetails.

I would say give it a few more years and we will start seeing mule deer hunts for 250" deer from HF ranches.

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#5565423 - 01/26/15 11:50 AM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: Taylorpp]
utcb Offline
Woodsman

Registered: 05/16/11
Posts: 112
I think mule deer hunting is in demand. If you look at the Mexico free ranging hunts for mulies (around $10K), they demand a higher price tag than free ranging whitetail hunts in Alberta, Kansas or other places (they're around $6,500). The higher price tag for the mule deer has been that way for close to 10 years now. I would think if there was a high fenced ranch producing 35+ inch mulies with drop tines, that ranch would have a waiting list a mile long. I know there are definite international regulations between the US and Mexico with mulies, but am not familiar with transportation and breeding within the US. I've had this question for a while and would love to find the answer. Are whitetails easier to genetically manipulate than mulies?

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#5565729 - 01/26/15 02:57 PM Re: Introduction of Exotic Deer Species [Re: utcb]
TxAg Online   content
Veteran Tracker

Registered: 01/15/07
Posts: 3254
Loc: Live in Katy, Hunt in Llano Co...
Originally Posted By: utcb
Random question - North America is full of ranches that produce monster whitetail bucks through genetic management. Why don't we see that for mule deer? You see a few high fenced places popping up in Mexico or western states, but given the base frame for a mulie is larger than a whitetail, why aren't we seeing 400 and 500+ inch mule deer ranches?


One big reason is that high fences are illegal in many western states. And, many mountain Mule Deer herds migrate, so it's tougher to "manage" a buck on one ranch his whole life when he migrates on and off of it.



Edited by TxAg (01/26/15 02:58 PM)
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